A-Z Index perintah LinuxA-Z Index perintah Linux

Selasa, Februari 15, 2011

A-Z Index perintah Linux

 A
  •   adduser  Add a user to the system
  •   addgroup Add a group to the system
  •   alias    Create an alias •
  •   apropos  Search Help manual pages (man -k)
  •   apt-get  Search for and install software packages     (Debian/Ubuntu)
  •   aptitude Search for and install software packages (Debian/Ubuntu)
  •   aspell   Spell Checker
  •   awk      Find and Replace text, database sort/validate/index
b
  •   basename Strip directory and suffix from filenames
  •   bash     GNU Bourne-Again SHell
  •   bc       Arbitrary precision calculator language
  •   bg       Send to background
  •   break    Exit from a loop •
  •   builtin  Run a shell builtin
  •   bzip2    Compress or decompress named file(s)
c
  •   cal      Display a calendar
  •   case     Conditionally perform a command
  •   cat      Display the contents of a file
  •   cd       Change Directory
  •   cfdisk   Partition table manipulator for Linux
  •   chgrp    Change group ownership
  •   chmod    Change access permissions
  •   chown    Change file owner and group
  •   chroot   Run a command with a different root directory
  •   chkconfig System services (runlevel)
  •   cksum    Print CRC checksum and byte counts
  •   clear    Clear terminal screen
  •   cmp      Compare two files
  •   comm     Compare two sorted files line by line
  •   command  Run a command - ignoring shell functions •
  •   continue Resume the next iteration of a loop •
  •   cp       Copy one or more files to another location
  •   cron     Daemon to execute scheduled commands
  •   crontab  Schedule a command to run at a later time
  •   csplit   Split a file into context-determined pieces
  •   cut      Divide a file into several parts
d
  •   date     Display or change the date & time
  •   dc       Desk Calculator
  •   dd       Convert and copy a file, write disk headers, boot records
  •   ddrescue Data recovery tool
  •   declare  Declare variables and give them attributes •
  •   df       Display free disk space
  •   diff     Display the differences between two files
  •   diff3    Show differences among three files
  •   dig      DNS lookup
  •   dir      Briefly list directory contents
  •   dircolors Colour setup for `ls'
  •   dirname  Convert a full pathname to just a path
  •   dirs     Display list of remembered directories
  •   dmesg    Print kernel & driver messages
  •   du       Estimate file space usage
e
  •   echo     Display message on screen •
  •   egrep    Search file(s) for lines that match an extended expression
  •   eject    Eject removable media
  •   enable   Enable and disable builtin shell commands •
  •   env      Environment variables
  •   ethtool  Ethernet card settings
  •   eval     Evaluate several commands/arguments
  •   exec     Execute a command
  •   exit     Exit the shell
  •   expect   Automate arbitrary applications accessed over a terminal
  •   expand   Convert tabs to spaces
  •   export   Set an environment variable
  •   expr     Evaluate expressions
f
  •   false    Do nothing, unsuccessfully
  •   fdformat Low-level format a floppy disk
  •   fdisk    Partition table manipulator for Linux
  •   fg       Send job to foreground
  •   fgrep    Search file(s) for lines that match a fixed string
  •   file     Determine file type
  •   find     Search for files that meet a desired criteria
  •   fmt      Reformat paragraph text
  •   fold     Wrap text to fit a specified width.
  •   for      Expand words, and execute commands
  •   format   Format disks or tapes
  •   free     Display memory usage
  •   fsck     File system consistency check and repair
  •   ftp      File Transfer Protocol
  •   function Define Function Macros
  •   fuser    Identify/kill the process that is accessing a file
g
  •   gawk     Find and Replace text within file(s)
  •   getopts  Parse positional parameters
  •   grep     Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern
  •   groups   Print group names a user is in
  •   gzip     Compress or decompress named file(s)
h
  •   hash     Remember the full pathname of a name argument
  •   head     Output the first part of file(s)
  •   help     Display help for a built-in command •
  •   history  Command History
  •   hostname Print or set system name
i
  •   iconv    Convert the character set of a file
  •   id       Print user and group id's
  •   if       Conditionally perform a command
  •   ifconfig Configure a network interface
  •   ifdown   Stop a network interface
  •   ifup     Start a network interface up
  •   import   Capture an X server screen and save the image to file
  •   install  Copy files and set attributes
j
  •   jobs     List active jobs •
  •   join     Join lines on a common field
k
  •   kill     Stop a process from running
  •   killall  Kill processes by name
l
  •   less     Display output one screen at a time
  •   let      Perform arithmetic on shell variables •
  •   ln       Make links between files
  •   local    Create variables •
  •   locate   Find files
  •   logname  Print current login name
  •   logout   Exit a login shell •
  •   look     Display lines beginning with a given string
  •   lpc      Line printer control program
  •   lpr      Off line print
  •   lprint   Print a file
  •   lprintd  Abort a print job
  •   lprintq  List the print queue
  •   lprm     Remove jobs from the print queue
  •   ls       List information about file(s)
  •   lsof     List open files
m
  •   make     Recompile a group of programs
  •   man      Help manual
  •   mkdir    Create new folder(s)
  •   mkfifo   Make FIFOs (named pipes)
  •   mkisofs  Create an hybrid ISO9660/JOLIET/HFS filesystem
  •   mknod    Make block or character special files
  •   more     Display output one screen at a time
  •   mount    Mount a file system
  •   mtools   Manipulate MS-DOS files
  •   mtr      Network diagnostics (traceroute/ping)
  •   mv       Move or rename files or directories
  •   mmv      Mass Move and rename (files)
n
  •   netstat  Networking information
  •   nice     Set the priority of a command or job
  •   nl       Number lines and write files
  •   nohup    Run a command immune to hangups
  •   notify-send  Send desktop notifications
  •   nslookup Query Internet name servers interactively
o
  •   open     Open a file in its default application
  •   op       Operator access
p
  •   passwd   Modify a user password
  •   paste    Merge lines of files
  •   pathchk  Check file name portability
  •   ping     Test a network connection
  •   pkill    Stop processes from running
  •   popd     Restore the previous value of the current directory
  •   pr       Prepare files for printing
  •   printcap Printer capability database
  •   printenv Print environment variables
  •   printf   Format and print data •
  •   ps       Process status
  •   pushd    Save and then change the current directory
  •   pwd      Print Working Directory
q
  •   quota    Display disk usage and limits
  •   quotacheck Scan a file system for disk usage
  •   quotactl Set disk quotas
r
  •   ram      ram disk device
  •   rcp      Copy files between two machines
  •   read     Read a line from standard input •
  •   readarray Read from stdin into an array variable •
  •   readonly Mark variables/functions as readonly
  •   reboot   Reboot the system
  •   rename   Rename files
  •   renice   Alter priority of running processes
  •   remsync  Synchronize remote files via email
  •   return   Exit a shell function
  •   rev      Reverse lines of a file
  •   rm       Remove files
  •   rmdir    Remove folder(s)
  •   rsync    Remote file copy (Synchronize file trees)
s
  •   screen   Multiplex terminal, run remote shells via ssh
  •   scp      Secure copy (remote file copy)
  •   sdiff    Merge two files interactively
  •   sed      Stream Editor
  •   select   Accept keyboard input
  •   seq      Print numeric sequences
  •   set      Manipulate shell variables and functions
  •   sftp     Secure File Transfer Program
  •   shift    Shift positional parameters
  •   shopt    Shell Options
  •   shutdown Shutdown or restart linux
  •   sleep    Delay for a specified time
  •   slocate  Find files
  •   sort     Sort text files
  •   source   Run commands from a file `.'
  •   split    Split a file into fixed-size pieces
  •   ssh      Secure Shell client (remote login program)
  •   strace   Trace system calls and signals
  •   su       Substitute user identity
  •   sudo     Execute a command as another user
  •   sum      Print a checksum for a file
  •   suspend  Suspend execution of this shell •
  •   symlink  Make a new name for a file
  •   sync     Synchronize data on disk with memory
t
  •   tail     Output the last part of files
  •   tar      Tape ARchiver
  •   tee      Redirect output to multiple files
  •   test     Evaluate a conditional expression
  •   time     Measure Program running time
  •   times    User and system times
  •   touch    Change file timestamps
  •   top      List processes running on the system
  •   traceroute Trace Route to Host
  •   trap     Run a command when a signal is set(bourne)
  •   tr       Translate, squeeze, and/or delete characters
  •   true     Do nothing, successfully
  •   tsort    Topological sort
  •   tty      Print filename of terminal on stdin
  •   type     Describe a command •
u
  •   ulimit   Limit user resources •
  •   umask    Users file creation mask
  •   umount   Unmount a device
  •   unalias  Remove an alias •
  •   uname    Print system information
  •   unexpand Convert spaces to tabs
  •   uniq     Uniquify files
  •   units    Convert units from one scale to another
  •   unset    Remove variable or function names
  •   unshar   Unpack shell archive scripts
  •   until    Execute commands (until error)
  •   useradd  Create new user account
  •   usermod  Modify user account
  •   users    List users currently logged in
  •   uuencode Encode a binary file
  •   uudecode Decode a file created by uuencode
v
  •   v        Verbosely list directory contents (`ls -l -b')
  •   vdir     Verbosely list directory contents (`ls -l -b')
  •   vi       Text Editor
  •   vmstat   Report virtual memory statistics
w
  •   watch    Execute/display a program periodically
  •   wc       Print byte, word, and line counts
  •   whereis  Search the user's $path, man pages and source files for a program
  •   which    Search the user's $path for a program file
  •   while    Execute commands
  •   who      Print all usernames currently logged in
  •   whoami   Print the current user id and name (`id -un')
  •   Wget     Retrieve web pages or files via HTTP, HTTPS or FTP
  •   write    Send a message to another user
x
  •   xargs    Execute utility, passing constructed argument list(s)
  •   xdg-open Open a file or URL in the user's preferred application.
  •   yes      Print a string until interrupted
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